"The issue of salmon restoration in the Columbia Basin is a complicated problem, particularly from the context of irrigation withdrawals within this region. This essay presents significant issues and provide ideas for how this research can be continued by the Center for Environmental Education. The primary issues apparent from my research include the importance of economic interests, the lack of understanding and awareness by the general public, and, especially, the different perspectives, cultures, and motives that operate in this context. I propose several ideas for extending this research: these include gathering more sources, employing techniques of Chris Maser's transformative approach, and implementing physical solutions that specifically address economic impacts. These suggestions are designed to address the principal issues that I have identified.

     "A significant outgrowth of my research is that there are a number of areas that require more detail. The majority of sources discussed here have focussed almost entirely upon economic interests and scientific research. There is little analysis of social impacts beyond employment and population statistics. Therefore, it is evident that further research is required. This study should emphasize the social impacts and significance of irrigation, the legal aspects of irrigation, and the relationship of salmon and irrigation to the local communities, especially the Indian tribes. Including an accentuation upon these aspects should provide a more detailed and flexible framework in which to analyze these circumstances. In addition, this should emphasize current info when possible, because many of the sources were two or more decades old. This inquiry supplements the second proposed idea, which is to use components of Chris Maser's techniques for resolving environmental conflict.

     "In the description Maser provides for transformative facilitation, he continually returns to the need to involve each interested party on an equal level, which essentially recognizes the importance of each group. For this reason, I believe that it is critical to include all relevant organizations to the greatest extent possible. This can be accomplished by speaking informally with as many representatives as are available within the specific time constraints given. The most direct outgrowth of this approach will be to surface the issues that are pertinent to the widest range of people possible. This provides the context necessary for determining the essential problems, allowing one to avoid devoting needless energy toward areas that are not of widespread concern.

     "The primary points that I found in my research were the importance and power of economic interests, the lack of understanding by the general public, and the interference created by discordant perspectives, as well as different social and cultural backgrounds. I propose that these ideas be resolved through a search for more sources, utilization of Chris Maser's transformative techniques, and the implementation of solutions that specifically address economic concerns. These solutions provide a more robust context for understanding the issues, increase public education, and lead toward effective solutions that address many interests."—Rob Cantrall, Suggestions for Continued Study, Washington State University Student Projects